Mosquito Pest Control
Mosquito control is the task of managing the population of mosquitoes to reduce their damage to human health, economies, and enjoyment of mosquito-ridden areas. Mosquito control is a vital public-health practice because mosquitoes spread many diseases such as malaria, dengue and chikungunya Present Scenario of Mosquito Related Diseases.
About 3000 species of mosquitoes have been described on a world-wide basis. Mosquitoes belong to a group of insects that requires blood to develop fertile eggs. Males do not lay eggs, thus, male mosquitoes do not bite. The females are the egg producers and "host-seek" for a blood meal.
Types of Mosquitoes and their habitats
Anopheles:breeds in stagnant collection of clean water such as ponds, lakes, overhead tanks, underground tanks etc. They laid eggs singly, this mosquito is active in dusk hours. Responsible for Malaria disease.
Culex :Mosquitoes lay eggs in polluted waters such as drains, ponds, stagnant streams, pool, tanks, barrels, tins, wells, sewage manholes, overhead tanks and other artificial containers.laid eggs in cluster major nuisance after dusk, bites heavily, leading to sleepless nights. Responsible for causing Filariasis, which cause fever and acute swelling of the lymph glands.
Aedes :Mosquitoes lay eggs in flower vase, single drop of water, storage tank, underground tank, ground cement tank, solid waste (drums), and earthen pots. Responsible for dengue disease
1. Residual Spray:In this treatment we spray a colorless and odorless insecticide on the walls. The insecticide is harmless for human beings. The mosquitoes sit on the wall, come in contact with the insecticide and die. This mosquito control treatment is effective for 15-30 days. This treatment can be done in both residential and commercial areas.
2. Misting Treatment:A special machine called ULV Mist blower is used producing droplets/ mist in the range of 5-50 microns. The spray consists of heavy duty blower assembly, nozzle housing and formulation tank. It creates a ultra low volume spray droplets penetrate into cracks and crevices for controlling mosquitoes and other flying insects in their natural habitats. It is very effective against mosquitoes and covers more area in less spray solution. It leaves no visible traces. This mosquito control treatment is effective for 15-30 days. This treatment can be done in both residential and commercial areas.
3. Larval Treatment-An efficient way for mosquito control is to find and eliminate their larval habitat eliminating large larval development sites. Anti-larval chemical will be applied at water stagnate bodies:
4. Thermal Fogging Treatment:Thermal fogging is the effective method to keep away the adult mosquitoes. Chemically infused aqueous liquid is dispensed in the air at low volume to create an invisible chemical cloud which targets flying or resting mosquitoes. Ideal time for fogging is during dusk and dawn hours.
Mechanical Treatment:Mosquitoes can be kept out of the home by keeping windows, doors and porches tightly screened (16-18 mesh).
Homeowners can take the following steps to prevent mosquito breeding on their own property:
1. Destroy or dispose of tin cans, old tires, buckets, unused plastic swimming pools or other containers that collect and hold water. Do not allow water to accumulate in the saucers of flowerpots, cemetery urns or in pet dishes for more than 2 days.
2. Clean debris from rain gutters and remove any standing water under or around structures, or on flat roofs. Check around faucets and air conditioner units and repair leaks or eliminate puddles that remain for several days.
3. Change the water in birdbaths and wading pools at least once a week and stock ornamental pools with top feeding predacious minnows.
4. Eliminate standing water around animal watering troughs. Flush livestock water troughs twice a week.
5. Check around construction sites or do-it-yourself improvements to ensure that proper backfilling and grading prevent drainage problems.
6. If ditches do not flow and contain stagnant water for one week or longer, they can produce large numbers of mosquitoes.